INDG - Course Descriptions


INDG course codes were formerly identified as NATI.
ETAU course codes were formerly identified as ETAM.

Courses coded (10) are also available by correspondence, and courses coded (12) are also available online.

INDG 1016 E (10) - Introductory Nishnaabemwin A
Intended for students with no previous knowledge of Nishnaabemwin (also called Ojibwe), this course introduces skills and concepts essential for beginning to communicate in the language, both orally and in writing. Upon completing the course, students will be able to comment on and describe persons and events, as well as to indicate the relative time of activities and events - present, past or future. Topics of discussion will vary. Students cannot retain credit for both INDG 1016 & 1015. (lec 3, lab 1) cr 3 

INDG 1017 E (10) - Introductory Nishnaabemwin B
This course builds on the skills acquired in INDG 1016, and introduces students to concepts essential for expressing thoughts that involve objects, not simply subjects. Third person objects will be the focus of the course. Students will be able to communicate about a wide variety of topics. Students cannot retain credit for both INDG 1017 & 1015. PREREQ: INDG 1016. (lec 3, lab 1) cr 3 

INDG 1025 E (10) - Introduction to Cree
An introduction to the basic elements of Cree language structure. Emphasis is placed on learning to speak and comprehend the language in naturally occurring interactions. Extensive oral practice is involved and different writing systems are briefly explored. Students may not retain credit for both INDG 1025 & 2025. (lec 2, lab 1) cr 6 

ETAU 1116 F (10) (12) - Fondements de la conscience collective des peuples autochtones
Ce cours présente les fondements culturels et historiques qui soutiennent le sentiment des peuples autochtones de former des peuples distincts. Le cours abordera les concepts de vision du monde, de culture et de nation et examinera divers modèles de conscience collective développés par des théoriciens. On ne peut obtenir de crédits à la fois pour INDG 1116, INDG 1105, ÉTAM 1106, ÉTAM 1116 et ÉTAU 1116. (3 h.) 3 crédits.

INDG 1116 E (10) (12) - Foundations of Indigenous Peoplehood
This course introduces the cultural and historical foundations that underpin the sense that Indigenous peoples have that they are distinct peoples. This entails consideration of such concepts as worldview, culture and nation, and a study of models of peoplehood that theorists have presented. (lec 3) cr 3. Students may not retain credit for both INDG 1116 and either NATI 1116, NATI/INDG 1105, ETAU/ETAM 1116/1106.

INDG 1117 E (10) (12) - Implications of Indigenous Peoplehood
This course explores the implications that distinct Indigenous identities have for relations between Indigenous people and non-Indigenous society and governments, as well as among diverse Indigenous groups. PREREQ: INDG 1116. (lec 3) cr 3. Students may not retain credit for both INDG 1117 and either NATI 1117, NATI/INDG 1105, ETAU 1117 and ETAM 1126/1107.

ETAU 1117 F (10) (12) - Répercussions de la conscience collective des peuples autochtones
Ce cours présente les répercussions qu’ont les différentes identités autochtones sur les relations des peuples autochtones avec la société et les gouvernements non autochtones, tout comme sur les relations entre les divers groupes autochtones, tels que les Indiens inscrits, les Métis, et les différentes tribus. Préalable: ÉTAU 1116. On ne peut retenir de crédits à la fois pour INDG 1117/INDG 1105/ETAM 1107/ETAM 1126 et ETAU 1117. (3 h.) 3 cr.

INDG 2035 E (10) - Intermediate Cree
Designed to further develop the student's ability to speak Cree. Vocabulary is expanded and more complex grammatical structures are introduced so that the student can begin to interact with greater competence in broader contexts: social gatherings, storytelling, community meetings, and so on. The oral approach remains central to the course. PREREQ: INDG 1025 or equiv. (lec 2, lab 1) cr 6 

INDG 2056 E - Indigenous Perspectives on Food
This course explores the food systems that sustained Indigenous communities historically and how these systems have been impacted by colonization, technological developments and other societal forces. Ways in which traditional Indigenous knowledge can inform solutions to issues of food access and related health issues are considered. Prerequisite: minimum 18 University credits (lec. 3) cr 3

INDG 2105 E (10) - Culture, Behaviour and the Identity of Indigenous People
This course introduces the cultural identity of the Original People of North America including their traditional values, culture-based behavioural patterns and the effects of changing times and relations. The course covers such topics as traditional Indigenous values and perspectives, the Indigenous personality and developmental stages, and the modification, adaptation, conflict or persistence of Indigenous behaviour in the midst of social and relational change. PREREQ: 18 university credits. (lec 2, sem 1) cr 6. Students may not retain credit for both INDG 2105 and NATI 2105.

INDG 2126 E - Indigenous Perspectives on Water
This course explores ways in which global demands, climate change, and access issues with respect to water threaten the well-being of Indigenous communities.Topics in this course include global water challenges and water challenges facing First Nations communities, Indigenous water rights , how climate change impacts the Ocean and First Nations, teachings from Elders, and how Indigenous understandings can be used as a basis for sustainable water practices. (lec. 3) cr 3.

INDG 2136 E (12) - Indigenous Political Resistance in Canada: An Integrated Media Analysis
This course provides a theoretical analysis of the historical foundations of contemporary sites of Indigenous resistance in Canada. The course integrates print journalism, web-based media, documentary videos, and media theory in relation to Indigenous knowledge. Topics include Indigenous political resistance in relation to treaties, Indigenous rights, and Canadian policy and administration as understood in the context of their mediated forms. PREREQ: 18 university credits. (lec 3) cr 3. Students may not retain credit for both INDG 2136 and NATI 2136.

INDG 2146 E - Indigenous Perspectives on Mining
This course explores mining from the standpoint of Indigenous people and their communities in North America. It introduces First Nations historical, social, political, environmental, cultural, economic development perspectives and the changing relationship with the land. Topics include Indigenous knowledge and mining, mining in northern Ontario First Nations, economic development agreements, cultural impacts of mining and Elder teachings (lec. 3) cr 3. Prerequisite: 18 university credits

INDG 2205 E (10) - Indigenous People: Family and Community
This course examines the dynamics of Indigenous family and community life. The course covers the traditional patterns of family relations and community living, the social and cultural structures of Indigenous society, and the inner dynamics of Indigenous community life. Attention is given to the effects of social change and the behavioural, cultural and institutional problems, needs and culturally appropriate responses to the present Indigenous family and community situations. PREREQ: 18 university credits. (lec 2, sem 1) cr 6. Students may not retain credit for both INDG 2205 and NATI 2205.

INDG 2216 E (10) - Indigenous Women: Perspectives and Issues
This course is concerned with the experiences of Indigenous women in Canada from pre-contact times until the current era. Views of women that have predominated in different eras, as manifested in Indigenous mythology, by the structures of Indigenous societies, and in the historical record and government policies, are related to the challenges that have emerged and continue to confront Indigenous women. Indigenous women's responses to these issues are also examined. PREREQ: 18 university credits. (lec 3) cr 3. Students may not retain credit for both INDG 2216 and NATI 2216.

ETAU/FOLK 2276 F (10) (12) - Légendes et traditions orales autochtones
Ce cours présente les définitions, les origines, les caractéristiques ainsi que l'évolution de la tradition orale, des contes, des légendes et des mythes autochtones, à partir d'un choix de textes, d'analyses thématiques, stylistiques et culturelles du répertoire traditionnel. On y voit la variation et la permanence de cette littérature orale. De plus, on y fait l'application de la méthode comparative puis on établit des parallèles avec des textes puisés dans la littérature orale du Canada français. Préalable: 18 crédits universitaires. On ne peut obtenir de crédits à la fois pour ÉTAU 2276, ÉTAM 2276/FOLK 2276, et FOLK 2286. (3 h.) 3 cr.

INDG 2285 E (10) (12) - North American Indigenous People: Tradition and Culture
This course considers basic Indigenous spiritual insights and the traditions and cultural expressions developing therefrom. The contemporary revival of these and their relevance to the present day is emphasized. PREREQ: 18 university credits. (lec 3) cr 6. Cross-listed as RLST 2285. Students may not retain credit for both INDG 2285 and either RLST 2285, ETAM/ETAU 2286, ETAM/ETAU 2287, or NATI 2285. 

ETAU 2286 F (10) (12) - La religion des autochtones de l’Amérique du Nord
Une introduction aux fondements philosophiques et religieux : perception du monde (les Ojibwés, le chaman, et le fripon divin), la signification du cercle, le rapport entre l’humanité et la nature, et le concept de l’âme. On examine aussi comment la transmission orale et la connaissance du sacré jouent un rôle essentiel dans la vie des autochtones et dans leur volonté de maintenir leurs modes de vie. Préalable: 18 crédits universitaires. On ne peut obtenir de credits à la fois pour ÉTAU 2286, INDG/RLST 2285, SREL 2285 et ÉTAM 2286. (3 h.) 3 cr.

ETAU/FOLK 2287 F (10) (12) - Coutumes autochtones : le cycle de la vie
Dans ce cours, nous abordons les concepts du sentier de la vie et des quatre collines de la vie. Par la suite, nous étudions le cycle de la vie, de la naissance à la mort, telle qu’il est envisagé par les familles et les collectivités autochtones. Les coutumes liées à la vie de l’individu sont soulignées par plusieurs rites de passage : naissance, attribution d’un nom, enfance, adolescence, vie adulte et vieillesse. Les rites d’initiation et de purification sont aussi importants. Préalable: 18 crédits universitaires. On ne peut obtenir de crédits à la fois pour ÉTAU 2287, ÉTAM 2287, FOLK 2287, INDG/RLST 2285 et SREL 2285. (3 h.) 3 cr.

INDG 2305 E - Contemporary Native Issues
An exploration of those issues which currently most significantly affect the destiny of Native societies in Canada and beyond. The movement of First Nations people towards greater self-determination is considered under topics such as Indian, Inuit and Métis government, land claims, constitutional evolution, international law, education, the prison system, health care and the social welfare system. (lec 2, sem 1) cr. 6.

INDG 2306 E (10) (12) - Contemporary Issues in Indigenous Environmental Studies
This course introduces students to contemporary ecological challenges facing Indigenous communities in North America. It explores the historical roots of Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK) in Anishinabek culture, specific cases where Western industrial practices have harmed Indigenous communities, and the exploration of cooperative practices and strategies being enacted to support positive change. The efficacy of a number of community-based, joint resource co-management, cooperative and Indigenous stewardship practices will be examined. Although the predominant perspective is on a North American context, this course also surveys global Indigenous responses to ecological challenges through the application of Indigenous knowledge systems (lec. 3) cr 3.

INDG 2316 E (10) (12) - Foundations of Indigenous Ecological Knowledge
The course provides a framework for understanding Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK). Key concepts and theories regarding environmental teachings and issues are examined from an Indigenous perspective. Topics include theoretical perspectives in TEK, ecological knowledge, climate change and First Nations, teaching from the Elders, challenges and opportunities in sustainable development, and case studies as used by First Nations in Canada. (Lec 3) Cr 3.

ETAU 2337 F - Objets de la vie quotidienne des autochtones
Une étude des techniques artisanales qui se présentent dans l'habitation, le mobilier, les outils et leur décoration. Aborde les questions de lieux de vie et de rencontres, les objets cérémoniels, domestiques et de travail (chasse et pêche, cueillette, agriculture), l'influence spirituelle, l'évolution et l'adaptation au milieu. Préalable: 18 crédits universitaires. On ne peut obtenir de crédits à la fois pour ÉTAU 2337, ÉTAM 2337 et FOLK 2337. (3 h.) 3 cr.

INDG 2406 E - Indigenous People and Newcomers in Encounter in Eastern Canada
This course examines the relations between Indigenous people and members of various newcomer societies in the area of present-day Eastern Canada. Topics include the fur trade, treaties, missionary movements, the development of Indigenous policy and administration, and the resurgence of Indigenous self-assertion in the 20th century. PREREQ: 18 university credits. (lec 2, sem 1) cr 3. Students may not retain credit for both INDG 2406 and NATI 2406.

INDG 2407 E - Indigenous People and Newcomers in Encounter in Western Canada
This course examines the relations between Indigenous people and members of various newcomer societies in the area of present-day Western Canada. Topics include the fur trade, treaties, missionary movements, the development of Indigenous policy and administration, the Metis, and the resurgence of Indigenous self-assertion in the 20th century. PREREQ: 18 university credits. (lec 2, sem 1) cr 3. Students may not retain credit for both INDG 2407 and NATI 2407.

INDG 2505 E (10) - Indigenous Arts of the Americas: Retrospective and Tradition
This course traces the development of Indigenous artistic expression from traditional to contemporary times. These art forms are examined as cultural expressions of spiritual beliefs, legends, and symbolism. Contemporary expressions are examined as evolving out of traditional forms and as reflections of modern concerns and influences. PREREQ: 18 university credits. (lec 1.5, exp 1.5) cr 6. Note: This course incorporates a practical application of Indigenous art forms. No previous art training is required. Students may not retain credit for both INDG 2505 and NATI 2505.

INDG 2516 E (10) - Intermediate Nishnaabemwin A
This course may be taken concurrently with INDG 1017. It is distinguished by its two principal areas of focus: communicating one's own actions and activities, typically in response to questions from a second person; and questions that begin with what, when, where, how and why. The students will learn how to compose questions and answers that have subjects only, no objects. Students cannot retain credit for both INDG 2516 & 2515. PREREQ: INDG 1016. (lec 3, lab 1) cr 3 

INDG 2517 E (10) - Intermediate Nishnaabemwin B
This course expands on the principles learned in INDG 1017 and enables a student to indicate oneself as the object of a sentence, typically in response to questions from a second person. Students will thus learn to communicate in sentences that have either a first or a second person as the object. Students cannot retain credit for both INDG 2517 & 2515. PREREQ: INDG 1017. (lec 3, lab 1) cr 3 

INDG 2526 E - Nishnaabemwin Immersion
This course develops aural comprehension and speaking skills through immersion. It complements the other Nishnaabemwin courses that teach composition of sentences used in everyday communication. Exp; cr 3 Prerequisite: 18 university credits

INDG 2616 E (10) - Canadian Indigenous Literature: Exploring Genre
This course introduces the great diversity in themes, voices, genres and writing styles of Canadian Indigenous writers through the study of myths, legends, essays, poems and short stories. Often influenced by mythical and oral traditions, these writings provide insight into the cultural complexity of ideas, socio-political thought, celebration and spirituality in historical and contemporary contexts. PREREQ: 18 university credits. (lec 2, sem 1) cr 3. Students may not retain credit for both INDG 2616 and NATI 2616.

INDG 2617 E (10) - Canadian Indigenous Literature: Novels and Plays
This course explores selected novels and plays from an Indigenous perspective. Contemporary Canadian Indigenous novelists and playwrights tangle with a myriad of issues in articulating the Indigenous experience. Writing in the context of their linguistic and cultural roots, a love of life, laughter and harmony underlie the stories of community, history, tradition, culture and society at large. PREREQ: 18 university credits. (lec 2, sem 1) cr 3. Students may not retain credit for both INDG 2617 and NATI 2617.

INDG 2625 E - Indigenous Theatre and Performance
This course introduces Indigenous performance-rooted ways of knowing through theoretical examinations of the history of Indigenous performance, an overview of contemporary Indigenous performance practices, and examination of critical issues relating to indigenous performance. The course provides opportunities to create collective and individual work with a focus on breath, voice, story creation through monologue, movement, and public performance. (Lec 3, Sem 3) Cr 6.

INDG 3005 E (10) - Education and Indigenous People
The course examines the policies, processes and methods involved in the education and socialization of Indigenous people. Indigenous and non-Indigenous approaches to learning and to pedagogy, both past and present, are comparatively examined. The course emphasizes Indigenous people's efforts to realize greater degrees of self-determination through control of educational programs and institutions. Selected models of Indigenous alternative schools and Indigenous Studies programs are examined in this context. PREREQ: 18 university credits. (lec 3) cr 6. Students may not retain credit for both INDG 3005 and NATI 3005.

INDG 3025 E - Advanced Cree
A study of the structure, patterns and written forms of the language employing basic grammatical and linguistic rules and concepts. The course will involve exercises in the translation and transcription of Cree stories and legends. Prerequisite: INDG 2035 or equivalent. (sem 2, exp 1) cr. 6.

ETAU/PHIL 3036 F Philosophies autochtones et occidentales
Ce cours présente les pensées autochtones et étudie la façon dont elles sont liées ou diffèrent des philosophies occidentales. Les thèmes et questions qui pourront être explorés incluent: la cosmogonie et la cosmologie, la nature et l'environnement, l'épistémologie et les systèmes de connaissance, le droit et la loi, les relations entre l'individu et la communauté, la propriété de la terre, l'éducation, le corps et l'esprit, la science et les croyances, la raison et la spiritualité. Il est recommandé que les étudiants aient obtenu au préalable 6 crédits parmi les cours suivants: ETAU 1116F, ETAU 1126F, ETAU 2286F, ETAU/FOLK 2287F. On ne peut obtenir de crédits à la fois pour ETAU 3036, PHIL 3036, PHIL 3056 et INDG 3036. Prérequis : un minimum de 18 crédits universitaires. (3h) 3 cr.

INDG/PHIL 3036 E Indigenous and Western Philosophies
This course examines Indigenous ways of thinking and how they relate to western philosophies. Themes and questions that may be explored include cosmogony and cosmology, the natural environment, epistemology and knowledge systems, rights and law, the relationship between an individual and the community, land and property, education, mind and body, science and belief, reason and spirituality. It is recommended that students have obtained 6 credits among the following courses: INDG 1116, INDG 1117, INDG 2105, INDG 2285. PREREQ.: 18 university credits. (lec 3) cr 3.

INDG 3056 E (12) - The City as Home: International Perspectives on Indigenous People in Urban Centres
This course covers the contemporary experiences of urban Indigenous people in Canada, the United States, Australia, and New Zealand. With a focus on identity, culture, connection to place, and a sense of the city as home, the course explores a diversity of related topics such as Indigenous rights, rural–urban connections, community development, and Indigenous-Settler reconciliation as expressed and understood within each of the four countries. PREREQ: 18 university credits. cr 3.

INDG 3066 E (12) - Indigenous People in Canadian Urban Centres
This course surveys the contemporary experiences of urban Indigenous people in Canada using Toronto, Sudbury, and other urban centres to understand the issues. Specific topics to be explored include: culture and identity, demographics, youth, Elders, women, men, the two-spirited community, poverty and social services, urban Indigenous governance, economic success, racism, law and justice, as well as Indigenous-Settler relations in urban centres. cr 3, (fully on-line). Prerequisites: minimum 18 university credits.

INDG 3087 E - Select Topics: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Indigenous Issues
This interdisciplinary course explores a selected topic related to the histories, cultures and realities of Indigenous peoples in Canada. The specific topic may change from year to year. Prereq: Minimum 18 University credits. (lec 3) cr. 3. Students cannot retain credit for INDG 3087 & SOCI 3087 & HIST 3087.

ETAU 3105 F (10) (12) - Droit canadien, politique et peuples autochtones
Ce cours explore le statut politique, juridique et constitutionnel des peuples autochtones au Canada. Ceci comprend un examen des effets des lois et des politiques sur leurs droits individuels et collectifs. La Loi constitutionnelle, La Loi sur les Indiens ainsi que le droit international et le droit coutumier autochtone sont étudiés. Des questions telles que l’autonomie, l’autodétermination et les droits provenant des traités sont aussi discutées. Prérequis : 18 crédits universitaires. On ne peut obtenir de crédits à la fois pour ÉTAU 3105, ÉTAM 3105, INDG 3105 et POLI 3105. (3 h.) 6 cr.

INDG/POLI 3105 E (10) (12) - Canadian Law, Politics and Indigenous People
This course explores the political, legal and constitutional status of Indigenous people in Canada. It includes an examination of the effects of laws and policies on their individual and collective rights. The Constitution Act, Indian Act, international law, and Indigenous customary law are studied. Issues such as self-government, self-determination, Treaty rights and Indigenous rights are discussed. PREREEQ: 18 university credits. (lec 2, sem 1) cr 6. Cross-listed with POLI 3105. Students may not retain credit for both INDG 3105 and either POLI 3105, ETAM/ETAU 3105, or NATI 3105.

INDG 3116 E (10) (12) - Indigenous People and the Criminal Justice System
This course examines the involvement of the Indigenous people in the criminal justice system. It identifies the problems encountered in the system and studies the proposals for reform. Among those developments specifically examined are the following: the Indigenous Courtworker Programs, the Indigenous Justice of the Peace Programs, the Indigenous Inmate Liaison Service Programs and the alternatives to incarceration programs. PREREQ: 18 university credits. (lec 3) cr 3. Students may not retain credit for both INDG 3116 and NATI 3116.

INDG 3117 E (10) (12) - Social Policy and Family Law with Indigenous People
This course explores the development, implementation and impact of social policy and related legislation on Indigenous communities. It also examines Indigenous customary laws relating to marriages, adoptions, divorces and band membership, as well as the need for the consideration of such laws in the development of social policy. The issue of jurisdiction on family law is considered. PREREQ: 18 university credits. (lec 3) cr 3. Students may not retain credit for both INDG 3117 and NATI 3117.

INDG 3146 E - Canadian Politics and Métis Peoples
This course covers the contemporary circumstances of the Métis in Canada, including the social, economic, historical, and political factors that have contributed to the development of the Métis Nation. The course examines a broad range of issues relevant to Métis relations in Canada such as the politics of Métis identity, constitutional and common law rendering of Métis rights, Métis settlements and provincial/federal government relations, and the Métis relationship to urban Indigenous communities. As well, the course considers the Métis in an international, Indigenous context. PREREQ: 18 university credits. (lec 3) cr. 3. Students may not retain credit for both INDG 3146 and NATI 3146.

INDG 3147 E - Canadian Politics and Inuit Peoples
This course surveys the contemporary circumstances of the Inuit in Canada, including the social, economic, historical, and political factors that have contributed to societal changes. The effects of transmigration, development, and climate change are studied. The course also examines formations such as self-government, Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami, and the Inuit Circumpolar Conference. (Lec 3, cr. 3)

INDG 3205 E - Nature and Humankind: An Indigenous View
This course explores the relationship of the total human person to the total environment from the Indigenous perspective. This entails a study of Indigenous world views and ecological paradigms by which Indigenous peoples understand and explain this relationship. Indigenous strategies for co-existence with our natural environment that have evolved out of these world views and paradigms are also examined. (lec 3) cr 6. Students may not retain credit for both INDG 3205 and NATI 3205.

INDG 3215 E (10) - Indigenous Community-Based Research Methods
This course covers the various steps of doing research in an Indigenous context and provides the skills necessary for discovering, describing and analyzing community attitudes, ways of thinking, traditional knowledge and appropriate interaction from a distinctly Indigenous perspective. The course introduces the student to a variety of research methods and is designed to enable the student to develop research skills based on principles which reflect a respect for and an awareness of the existing belief systems in Indigenous communities. The application of these skills to community concerns of language and culture revitalization, politics, education, health, family and community is examined.PREREQ: 18 university credits. (lec 2, sem 1) cr 6. Students may not retain credit for both INDG 3215 and 3215.

INDG 3226 E - Indigenous Critical Theory
This course explores the growing importance of Indigenous Critical Theory. The course draws mostly from Western and Indigenous knowledge and is based primarily on readings. Emphasis is also placed on the monthly Indigenous Studies teaching sessions and the discussion of ideas with the Elders. Indigenous Critical Theory is then applied to a particular site of analysis. PREREQ: 18 university credit including at least 6 INDG credits or permission of the department (sem 3) cr 3. Students may not retain credit for both INDG 3226 and NATI 3226.

INDG 3256 E (10) (12) - Indigenous Health and Wellness
This course examines the Indigenous holistic notion of health as inclusive of the physical, mental, spiritual and emotional aspects of being. A comparative historical framework is incorporated in order to understand Indigenous health issues of the past and present. Models of Indigenous healing are explored with an emphasis on culture, spirituality and traditional medicine. PREREQ: 18 university credits. (lec 3) cr 3.

INDG 3285 E - Living with the Land: Indigenous Knowledge in Theory and Practice
This 10-day, summer field course is an experiential application of Indigenous knowledge to the relationship between human beings and nature. The philosophical background is reviewed and strategies for approaching the relationship are examined within an Indigenous knowledge framework. The course encompasses teaching from Elders and experiential-based learning activities. exp. 3 cr. 6

INDG 3286 E - Indigenous Medicines
This course examines the importance of traditional medicines to the health of Indigenous peoples of Canada. Special attention is given to traditional medicines that are harvested locally by Indigenous peoples in Ontario. The cultural and spiritual significance of these medicines will also be discussed. Prerequisite: minimum 18 University credits (lec 1, exp 2) cr 3

INDG 3305 E - Indigenous Languages: Expressions of Peoplehood
This course explores the significance of Indigenous languages in relation to the collective and individual identities of the people. The course considers the nature of the languages, various factors that have led to their erosion, and revitalization strategies. PREREQ: 12 credits in INDG. (lec 3) cr 6.

INDG 3315 E - Economic Management and Indigenous Self-Determination
This course examines past and present ways that Indigenous people have gained their livelihoods from their ancestral lands. Specific themes include taxation, the financing of Indigenous governments and the development of economic activities and management structures that are consistent with Indigenous beliefs and social practices. The quest for Indigenous self-sufficiency and the need for an ecologically-sound regime of sustainable economic development are inter-related subjects that inform the ideological approach of this course. PREREQ: 18 university credits. (lec 2, sem 1) cr. 6.

INDG 3316 E (10) - Intermediate Nishnaabemwin C
This course expands on the principles covered in INDG 2516 by focussing on questions that employ interrogative adverbs. In this course, such questions will have third person objects. The structures will also enable students to include conditional and other kinds of dependent clauses in their sentences. This course may be taken concurrently with INDG 2517. Students cannot retain credit for both INDG 3316 & 3015. PREREQ: INDG 1017 & 2516. (lec 3, lab 1) cr 3 

INDG 3516 E (10) - Advanced Nishnaabemwin A
In this course, students will learn to apply questions that employ interrogative adverbs and conditional clauses to situations where the first person or the second person is the object. Students will also study narratives containing a broad sample of the structures they will have covered up to this level. Students cannot retain credit for both INDG 3516 & 3015. PREREQ: INDG 2516 & 2517. (lec 3, lab 1) cr 3 

INDG 3517 E - Advanced Nishnaabemwin B
This course introduces students to structures used to express doubt, conjecture, and to indicate past intentions. Students will have the opportunity to study traditional stories and other examples of fluent discourse that employ the full range of simple to advanced structures. Students cannot retain credit for both INDG 3517 & 3015. PREREQ: INDG 1017 & 2516. (lec 3, lab 1) cr 3 

INDG 4006 E - Nishnaabemwin Discourse Studies
This course explores a variety of discourse types including myths, traditional stories and historical accounts told in Nishnaabemwin and transcribed in various anthologies. PREREQ: INDG 3516 This may be taken concurrently with INDG 3517. (lec 3) cr 3

INDG 4055 E - Selected Themes
This course explores a variety of issues relating to Indigenous people in North America. Individual and group studies are combined with lectures and seminars involving members of the departmental staff and visiting authorities experienced in specific areas. PREREQ: 30 university credits including at least 6 credits in INDG or department’s permission. (lec 1, sem 2) cr 6.

INDG 4105 E - Algonquian Language Structures
The course is designed to lead the student through the basic methods of analyzing grammatical and performative features of language, with a primary focus on the Ojibwe, Cree and Algonquin languages. Natural discourse such as myths, legends, oratory, joking/teasing and conversation will be used to explore these features. Students will also examine how world views, cultural assumptions and values are manifested through particular features. The ability to analyze and understand these features of the Ojibwe, Cree and Algonquin languages will be related to ongoing efforts to revive and maintain these languages, and to the need to recover and preserve the traditional knowledge passed on through oral histories, myths, legends and other discourse. Prerequisite: INDG 3516 and INDG 3517 or INDG 3025, or permission of the department. (lec 2, sem 1) cr. 6.

INDG 4256 E - Indigenous Peoples and the International Society
This course examines the exclusion and colonization of Indigenous peoples from the International society from historical, political, philosophical, legal, and sociological perspectives. It also looks at the development of international law to include Indigenous peoples within the global society, particularly through the emergence of Indigenous social movements. PREREQ: completion of 60 University credits. (lec 3) cr 3. Crosslisted with POLI 4256 and SOCI 4256. Students may not retain credit for both INDG 4256 and either POLI 4256 or SOCI 4256.

INDG 4405 E (10) - Seeing with an Indigenous Eye
This course examines the traditional sources of Indigenous worldviews and spiritual understandings of areas such as origins, relationships, nature of existence, self-knowledge, and traditional teachings. Universal themes, patterns of manifestation, growth and change, perception of reality and levels of meaning are explored through various Indigenous cultures of North America. The course not only derives meaning from the traditional knowledge as it is gained by studying the teachings of the past but attempts to search out these meanings as a basis for alternative direction for contemporary society and for the gaining of self-knowledge and insight. PREREQ: a minimum of 30 credits, including INDG/NATI 2285 or permission of the department. (lec 2, sem 1) cr 6. Students may not retain credit for both INDG 4405 and either NATI 3405 or NATI 4405.

INDG 4586 E (10) - Interpreting Indigenous Histories
This course explores Indigenous interpretations of history and Indigenous value systems which motivate these versions of history, including pre-contact oral histories and traditions, Indigenous-Settler relations and traditional and contemporary oral-based versions of what constitutes history. Emphasis is placed on Indigenous interpretations as significant in their own right, offering alternative understandings and reflections. A key component is the examination and analysis of Indigenous ethno-histories and traditional teachings using a textual-linguistic approach. PREREQ: 30 university credits. (lec 1, sem 2) cr 3. Students may not retain credit for both INDG 4586 and NATI 4586.

INDG 4587 E (10) - From the Fourth World: International Indigenous Perspectives on Current Global Issues
This course covers international Indigenous perspectives on the analysis of contemporary global problems that affect the environment and humanity. Definitions of progress are critiqued and the implications of contemporary industrial and consumer culture for the future of human societies are studied within the framework of the primal insights, values and definitions of community shared by Indigenous peoples around the globe. The relevance of Indigenous bodies of knowledge and wisdom to the search for solutions to contemporary environmental problems and human survival is assessed. PREREQ: a minimum of 30 university credits, including INDG/NATI 3205 or department's permission. (lec 1, sem 2) cr 3. Students may not retain credit for both INDG 4587 and NATI 4587. 

INDG 4655 E - Honours Thesis
This course provides qualified students with an opportunity to write an Honours thesis based on original research in an area related to their specialization or major(s) for which faculty supervision is available. Students undertake a literary and/or text-based research project comprised of a supervised essay of substantial depth designed to demonstrate a degree of expertise in the following areas pertaining to the discipline: sense of historical development; understanding forms of inquiry; depth and breadth of understanding in relation to issues and theories; and critical thinking and independence of thought. Theis course is strongly recommended for students considering graduate studies. Students are not permitted to obtain credit for more than one Honours thesis. PREREQ: A minimum overall GPA of 7 (75-79% or B+), completion of at least 84 university credits, and permission of the department. Students must normally submit their research proposal to the department chair by March 31 to register in the next academic year. (tut 3) cr 6.

INDG 4955 E - Independent Reading and Research
This specialized study for qualified students provides an opportunity to focus on areas not covered in existing courses. The project is supervised by designated faculty. PREREQ: dept.'s permission. (tut 3) cr 6