INDG - Course Descriptions

INDG course codes were formerly identified as NATI.
ETAU course codes were formerly identified as ETAM.

Courses coded (10) are also available by correspondence, and courses coded (12) are also available online.

INDG 1016 E (10) - Introductory Nishnaabemwin A
Intended for students with no previous knowledge of Nishnaabemwin (also called Ojibwe), this course introduces skills and concepts essential for beginning to communicate in the language, both orally and in writing. Upon completing the course, students will be able to comment on and describe persons and events, as well as to indicate the relative time of activities and events - present, past or future. Topics of discussion will vary. Students cannot retain credit for both INDG 1016 & 1015. (lec 3, lab 1) cr 3 

INDG 1017 E (10) - Introductory Nishnaabemwin B
This course builds on the skills acquired in INDG 1016, and introduces students to concepts essential for expressing thoughts that involve objects, not simply subjects. Third person objects will be the focus of the course. Students will be able to communicate about a wide variety of topics. Students cannot retain credit for both INDG 1017 & 1015. PREREQ: INDG 1016. (lec 3, lab 1) cr 3 

INDG 1025 E (10) - Introduction to Cree
An introduction to the basic elements of Cree language structure. Emphasis is placed on learning to speak and comprehend the language in naturally occurring interactions. Extensive oral practice is involved and different writing systems are briefly explored. Students may not retain credit for both INDG 1025 & 2025. (lec 2, lab 1) cr 6 

ETAU 1116 F (10) - Fondements de la conscience collective des peuples autochtones
Ce cours présente les fondements culturels et historiques qui soutiennent le sentiment des peuples autochtones de former des peuples distincts. Le cours abordera les concepts de vision du monde, de culture et de nation et examinera divers modèles de conscience collective développés par des théoriciens. On ne peut obtenir de crédits à la fois pour INDG 1116, INDG 1105, ÉTAM 1106, ÉTAM 1116 et ÉTAU 1116. (3 h.) 3 crédits.

INDG 1116 E (10) (12) - Foundations of Aboriginal Peoplehood
This course introduces the cultural and historical foundations that underpin the sense that Aboriginal peoples have that they are distinct peoples. This entails consideration of such concepts as worldview, culture and nation, and a study of models of peoplehood that theorists have presented. (lec 3) cr 3. Students may not retain credit for both ÉTAM 1116/ÉTAM 1106/INDG 1105 and INDG 1116. 

INDG 1117 E (10) - Implications of Aboriginal Peoplehood
This course explains the implications that distinct Aboriginal identities have for relations between Aboriginal people and non-Aboriginal society and governments, as well as among the diverse Aboriginal groups such as status Indians, Metis and various tribes. PREREQ: INDG 1116. (lec 3) cr 3. Students may not retain credit for both ÉTAM 1126/ÉTAM 1107/INDG 1105 and INDG 1117. 

ETAU 1117 F (10) - Répercussions de la conscience collective des peuples autochtones
Ce cours présente les répercussions qu’ont les différentes identités autochtones sur les relations des peuples autochtones avec la société et les gouvernements non autochtones, tout comme sur les relations entre les divers groupes autochtones, tels que les Indiens inscrits, les Métis, et les différentes tribus. Préalable: ÉTAU 1116. On ne peut retenir de crédits à la fois pour INDG 1117, INDG 1105, ÉTAM 1107, ÉTAM 1126 et ÉTAU 1117. (3 h.) 3 cr.

INDG 2035 E (10) - Intermediate Cree
Designed to further develop the student's ability to speak Cree. Vocabulary is expanded and more complex grammatical structures are introduced so that the student can begin to interact with greater competence in broader contexts: social gatherings, storytelling, community meetings, and so on. The oral approach remains central to the course. PREREQ: INDG 1025 or equiv. (lec 2, lab 1) cr 6 

INDG 2056 E - Indigenous Perspectives on Food
This course explores the food systems that sustained Indigenous communities historically and how these systems have been impacted by colonization, technological developments and other societal forces. Ways in which traditional Indigenous knowledge can inform solutions to issues of food access and related health issues are considered. Prerequisite: minimum 18 University credits (lec. 3) cr 3

INDG 2105 E (10) - Culture, Behavior and the Identity of the Native People
Introduces students to the cultural identity of the Original People of North America: their traditional values, culture-based behavioural patterns and the effects of changing times and relations. The course covers such topics as traditional Native values, the Native personality and developmental stages, the Native perspective, and the modification, adaptation, conflict or persistence of aboriginal behaviour in the midst of social and relational change. (lec 2, sem 1) cr 6 

INDG 2126 E - Indigenous Perspectives on Water
This course explores ways in which global demands, climate change, and access issues with respect to water threaten the well-being of Indigenous communities.Topics in this course include global water challenges and water challenges facing First Nations communities, Indigenous water rights , how climate change impacts the Ocean and First Nations, teachings from Elders, and how Indigenous understandings can be used as a basis for sustainable water practices. (lec. 3) cr 3.

INDG 2136 E (12) - Aboriginal Political Resistance in Canada: An Integrated Media Analysis
This course provides a theoretical analysis of the historical foundations of contemporary sites of Aboriginal resistance in Canada. The course integrates print journalism, web-based media, documentary videos, and media theory in relation to Indigenous knowledge. Topics include Aboriginal political resistance in relation to treaties, Aboriginal rights, and Canadian policy and administration as understood in the context of their mediated forms. (lec 3) cr. 3

INDG 2146 E - Indigenous Perspectives on Mining
This course explores mining from the standpoint of Indigenous people and their communities in North America. It introduces First Nations historical, social, political, environmental, cultural, economic development perspectives and the changing relationship with the land. Topics include Indigenous knowledge and mining, mining in northern Ontario First Nations, economic development agreements, cultural impacts of mining and Elder teachings (lec. 3) cr 3. Prerequisite: 18 university credits

INDG 2205 E (10) - The Aboriginal People: Family and Community
Examines the dynamics of Native family and community life. The course covers the traditional patterns of family relations and community living, the social and cultural structures of Native society, and the inner dynamics of Native community life. Attention is given to the effects of social change and the behavioural, cultural and institutional problems, needs and culturally appropriate responses to the present Native family and community situations. (lec 2, sem 1) cr 6 

INDG 2216 E (10) - Native Women: Perspectives and Issues
This course is concerned with the experiences of Native women in Canada from pre-contact times until the current era. Views of women that have predominated in different eras, as manifested in Native mythology, by the structures of Native societies, and in the historical record and government policies, are related to the challenges that have emerged and continue to confront Aboriginal women. Native women's responses to these issues are also examined. (lec 3) cr 3. 

ETAU/FOLK 2276 F (10) (12) - Légendes et traditions orales autochtones
Ce cours présente les définitions, les origines, les caractéristiques ainsi que l'évolution de la tradition orale, des contes, des légendes et des mythes autochtones, à partir d'un choix de textes, d'analyses thématiques, stylistiques et culturelles du répertoire traditionnel. On y voit la variation et la permanence de cette littérature orale. De plus, on y fait l'application de la méthode comparative puis on établit des parallèles avec des textes puisés dans la littérature orale du Canada français. Préalable: 18 crédits universitaires. On ne peut obtenir de crédits à la fois pour ÉTAU 2276, ÉTAM 2276/FOLK 2276, et FOLK 2286. (3 h.) 3 cr.

INDG 2285 E (10) - North American Native People: Tradition and Culture
A discussion of basic Native spiritual insights and the traditions and cultural expressions developing therefrom. The contemporary revival of these and their relevance to the present day is emphasized. Cross-listed as RLST 2285. (lec 3) cr 6 

ETAU 2286 F (10) (12) - La religion des autochtones de l’Amérique du Nord
Une introduction aux fondements philosophiques et religieux : perception du monde (les Ojibwés, le chaman, et le fripon divin), la signification du cercle, le rapport entre l’humanité et la nature, et le concept de l’âme. On examine aussi comment la transmission orale et la connaissance du sacré jouent un rôle essentiel dans la vie des autochtones et dans leur volonté de maintenir leurs modes de vie. Préalable: 18 crédits universitaires. On ne peut obtenir de credits à la fois pour ÉTAU 2286, INDG/RLST 2285, SREL 2285 et ÉTAM 2286. (3 h.) 3 cr.

ETAU/FOLK 2287 F (10) (12) - Coutumes autochtones : le cycle de la vie
Dans ce cours, nous abordons les concepts du sentier de la vie et des quatre collines de la vie. Par la suite, nous étudions le cycle de la vie, de la naissance à la mort, telle qu’il est envisagé par les familles et les collectivités autochtones. Les coutumes liées à la vie de l’individu sont soulignées par plusieurs rites de passage : naissance, attribution d’un nom, enfance, adolescence, vie adulte et vieillesse. Les rites d’initiation et de purification sont aussi importants. Préalable: 18 crédits universitaires. On ne peut obtenir de crédits à la fois pour ÉTAU 2287, ÉTAM 2287, FOLK 2287, INDG/RLST 2285 et SREL 2285. (3 h.) 3 cr.

INDG 2305 E - Contemporary Native Issues
An exploration of those issues which currently most significantly affect the destiny of Native societies in Canada and beyond. The movement of First Nations people towards greater self-determination is considered under topics such as Indian, Inuit and Métis government, land claims, constitutional evolution, international law, education, the prison system, health care and the social welfare system. (lec 2, sem 1) cr. 6.

INDG 2306 E (10) (12) - Contemporary Issues in Indigenous Environmental Studies
This course introduces students to contemporary ecological challenges facing Indigenous communities in North America. It explores the historical roots of Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK) in Anishinabek culture, specific cases where Western industrial practices have harmed Indigenous communities, and the exploration of cooperative practices and strategies being enacted to support positive change. The efficacy of a number of community-based, joint resource co-management, cooperative and Indigenous stewardship practices will be examined. Although the predominant perspective is on a North American context, this course also surveys global Indigenous responses to ecological challenges through the application of Indigenous knowledge systems (lec. 3) cr 3.

INDG 2316 E (10) (12) - Foundations of Indigenous Ecological Knowledge
The course provides a framework for understanding Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK). Key concepts and theories regarding environmental teachings and issues are examined from an Indigenous perspective. Topics include theoretical perspectives in TEK, ecological knowledge, climate change and First Nations, teaching from the Elders, challenges and opportunities in sustainable development, and case studies as used by First Nations in Canada. (Lec 3) Cr 3.

ETAU 2337 F - Objets de la vie quotidienne des autochtones
Une étude des techniques artisanales qui se présentent dans l'habitation, le mobilier, les outils et leur décoration. Aborde les questions de lieux de vie et de rencontres, les objets cérémoniels, domestiques et de travail (chasse et pêche, cueillette, agriculture), l'influence spirituelle, l'évolution et l'adaptation au milieu. Préalable: 18 crédits universitaires. On ne peut obtenir de crédits à la fois pour ÉTAU 2337, ÉTAM 2337 et FOLK 2337. (3 h.) 3 cr.

INDG 2406 E - Native People and Newcomers in Encounter in Eastern Canada
An examination of the relations between Native people and members of various newcomer societies in the area of present-day Eastern Canada. Topics include: the fur trade, treaties, missionary movements, the development of Indian policy and Indian administration, and the resurgence of First Nation self-assertion in the 20th century. (lec 2, sem 1) cr 3

INDG 2407 E - Native People and Newcomers in Encounter in Western Canada
An examination of the relations between Native people and members of various newcomer societies in the area of present-day Western Canada. Topics include: the fur trade, treaties, missionary movements, the development of Indian policy and Indian administration, the Metis, and the resurgence of First Nation self-assertion in the 20th century. (lec 2, sem 1) cr 3

INDG 2505 E (10) - Indigenous Arts of the Americas: Retrospective and Transition
Traces Native artistic expression and development from traditional times to the 20th century. Emphasizes architecture, literature and the visual and performing arts. These art forms are examined as traditional cultural expressions manifesting in the spiritual beliefs, legends and myths, symbolism and the practical application of daily life. As well, contemporary expressions are examined as evolving out of traditional forms and as reflections of modern concerns and influences. (lec 2, sem 1) cr 6 

INDG 2516 E (10) - Intermediate Nishnaabemwin A
This course may be taken concurrently with INDG 1017. It is distinguished by its two principal areas of focus: communicating one's own actions and activities, typically in response to questions from a second person; and questions that begin with what, when, where, how and why. The students will learn how to compose questions and answers that have subjects only, no objects. Students cannot retain credit for both INDG 2516 & 2515. PREREQ: INDG 1016. (lec 3, lab 1) cr 3 

INDG 2517 E (10) - Intermediate Nishnaabemwin B
This course expands on the principles learned in INDG 1017 and enables a student to indicate oneself as the object of a sentence, typically in response to questions from a second person. Students will thus learn to communicate in sentences that have either a first or a second person as the object. Students cannot retain credit for both INDG 2517 & 2515. PREREQ: INDG 1017. (lec 3, lab 1) cr 3 

INDG 2526 E - Nishnaabemwin Immersion
This course develops aural comprehension and speaking skills through immersion. It complements the other Nishnaabemwin courses that teach composition of sentences used in everyday communication. Exp; cr 3 Prerequisite: 18 university credits

INDG 2616 E (10) - Canadian Native Literature: Exploring Genre
This course introduces students to the great diversity in themes, voices, genres and writing styles of Canadian Native writers through the study of myths, legends, essays, poems and short stories. Often influenced by mythical and oral traditions, these writings provide insight into the cultural complexity of ideas, socio-political thought, celebration and spirituality in historical and contemporary contexts. (lec 2, sem 1) cr 3 

INDG 2617 E (10) - Canadian Native Literature: Novels and Plays
This course explores selected novels and plays from a Native perspective. Contemporary Canadian Native novelists and playwrights tangle with a myriad of issues in articulating the Aboriginal experience. Writing in the context of their linguistic and cultural roots, a love of life, laughter and harmony underlie the stories of community, history, tradition, culture and society at large. (lec 2, sem 1) cr 3 

INDG 2625 E - Indigenous Theatre and Performance
This course introduces Indigenous performance-rooted ways of knowing through theoretical examinations of the history of Indigenous performance, an overview of contemporary Indigenous performance practices, and examination of critical issues relating to indigenous performance. The course provides opportunities to create collective and individual work with a focus on breath, voice, story creation through monologue, movement, and public performance. (Lec 3, Sem 3) Cr 6.

INDG 3005 E (10) - Education and Native People
The course examines the policies, processes and methods involved in the education and socialization of Native people. Aboriginal and Euro-Canadian approaches to learning and to pedagogy, both past and present, are comparatively examined. The course emphasizes consideration of Native people's efforts to realize greater degrees of self-determination through control of educational programs and institutions. Selected models of Native alternative schools and Native Studies programs are examined in this context. (lec 3) cr 6. 

INDG 3025 E - Advanced Cree
A study of the structure, patterns and written forms of the language employing basic grammatical and linguistic rules and concepts. The course will involve exercises in the translation and transcription of Cree stories and legends. Prerequisite: INDG 2035 or equivalent. (sem 2, exp 1) cr. 6.

ETAU/PHIL 3036 F Philosophies autochtones et occidentales
Ce cours présente les pensées autochtones et étudie la façon dont elles sot liées ou diffèrent des philosophies occidentales. Les thèmes et questions qui pourront être explorés incluent: la cosmogonie et la cosmologie, la nature et l'environnement, l'épistémologie et les systèmes de connaissance, le droit et la loi, les relations entre l'individu et la communauté, la propriété de la terre, l'éducation, le corps et l'esprit, la science et les croyances, la raison et la spiritualité. Il est recommandé que les étudiants aient obtenu au préalable 6 crédits parmi les cours suivants: ETAU 1116F, ETAU 1126F, ETAU 2286F, ETAU/FOLK 2287F. On ne peut obtenir de crédits à la fois pour ETAU 3036, PHIL 3036, PHIL 3056 et INDG 3036. Prérequis : un minimum de 18 crédits universitaires. (3h) 3 cr.

INDG/PHIL 3036 E Indigenous and Western Philosophies
This course examines Indigenous ways of thinking and how they relate to western philosophies. Themes and questions that may be explored include cosmogony and cosmology, the natural environment, epistemology and knowledge systems, rights and law, the relationship between an individual and the community, land and property, education, mind and body, science and belief, reason and spirituality. It is recommended that students have obtained 6 credits among the following courses: INDG 1116, INDG 1117, INDG 2105, INDG 2285. PREREQ.: 18 university credits. (lec 3) cr 3.

INDG 3056 E (12) - The City as Home: International Perspectives on Indigenous People in Urban Centres
This course is an international comparative survey of the contemporary experiences of urban Aboriginal people in Canada, the United States, Australia, and New Zealand. With a focus on identity, culture, connection to place, and a sense of the city as home, this course explores a diversity of related topics such as Indigenous rights, rural – urban connections, community development, and Indigenous-Settler reconciliation as they are expressed and understood within each of the four countries. cr 3, (fully on-line) Prerequisites: minimum 18 credits.

INDG 3066 E (12) - Indigenous People in Canadian Urban Centres
This course surveys the contemporary experiences of urban Aboriginal people in Canada using Toronto, Sudbury, and other urban centres to understand the issues. Specific topics to be explored include: culture and identity, demographics, youth, Elders, women, men, the two-spirited community, poverty and social services, urban Aboriginal governance, economic success, racism, law and justice as well as Indigenous-Settler relations in urban centres. cr 3, (fully on-line) Prerequisites: minimum 18 credits.

INDG 3087 E - Select Topics: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Indigenous Issues
This interdisciplinary course explores a selected topic related to the histories, cultures and realities of Indigenous peoples in Canada. The specific topic may change from year to year. Prereq: Minimum 18 University credits. (lec 3) cr. 3. Students cannot retain credit for INDG 3087 & SOCI 3087 & HIST 3087.

ETAU 3105 F (10) - Droit canadien, politique et peuples autochtones
Ce cours explore le statut politique, juridique et constitutionnel des peuples autochtones au Canada. Ceci comprend un examen des effets des lois et des politiques sur leurs droits individuels et collectifs. La Loi constitutionnelle, La Loi sur les Indiens ainsi que le droit international et le droit coutumier autochtone sont étudiés. Des questions telles que l’autonomie, l’autodétermination et les droits provenant des traités sont aussi discutées. Prérequis : 18 crédits universitaires. On ne peut obtenir de crédits à la fois pour ÉTAU 3105, ÉTAM 3105, INDG 3105 et POLI 3105. (3 h.) 6 cr.

INDG/POLI 3105 E (10) - Canadian Law, Politics and Aboriginal People
Explores the political, legal and constitutional status of Aboriginal people in Canada. It includes an examination of the effects of laws and policies on their individual and collective rights. The Constitution Act, Indian Act, international law and Aboriginal customary law are studied. Issues such as self-government, self-determination, Treaty rights and Aboriginal rights are discussed. Students may not retain credit for both POLI 3105 & INDG 3105. (lec 2, sem 1) cr 6 

INDG 3116 E (10) - Aboriginal People and the Criminal Justice System
Examines the involvement of the Aboriginal people in the Criminal Justice System. Identifies the problems encountered in the system and studies the proposals for reform. Among those developments specifically examined are the following: the Native Courtworker Programs, the Native Justice of the Peace Programs, the Native Inmate Liaison Service Programs and the alternatives to incarceration programs. (lec 3) cr 3 

INDG 3117 E (10) - Social Policy and Family Law with Native People
Explores the development, implementation and impact of social policy and related legislation on Aboriginal communities. Also examines Aboriginal customary laws relating to marriages, adoptions, divorces and band membership, as well as the need for the consideration of such laws in the development of social policy. The issue of jurisdiction on family law is also considered. (lec 3) cr 3 

INDG 3146 E - Canadian Politics and Métis Peoples
This course surveys the contemporary circumstances of the Métis in Canada, including the social, economic, historical, and political factors that have contributed to the development of the Métis Nation. The course examines a broad range of issues relevant to Métis relations in Canada including the politics of Métis identity, constitutional and common law rendering of Métis rights, Métis settlements and provincial/federal government relations, and the Métis relationship to urban Aboriginal communities. As well, the course considers the Métis in an international, Indigenous context. (Lec 3) cr. 3

INDG 3147 E - Canadian Politics and Inuit Peoples
This course surveys the contemporary circumstances of the Inuit in Canada, including the social, economic, historical, and political factors that have contributed to societal changes. The effects of transmigration, development, and climate change are studied. The course also examines formations such as self-government, Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami, and the Inuit Circumpolar Conference. (Lec 3, cr. 3)

INDG 3205 E - Nature and Humankind: A Native View
An exploration into man's place and relationship in nature. The philosophical background of the subject is reviewed and several strategies for approaching the relationship are examined with an emphasis upon Native world-view. The ecological implications, the implications, the concept of "development" and an inquiry into environmental rights and priorities are aspects of the course. Field trips and outdoor activities will be used to augment classroom studies. (lec. 1, exp 2) cr. 6.

INDG 3215 E (10) - Native Community-Based Research Methods
Designed to lead the student through the various steps of doing research in a Native context and to provide the student with the skills necessary for discovering, describing and analyzing community attitudes, ways of thinking, traditional knowledge and appropriate interaction from a distinctly Native perspective. The course introduces the student to a variety of research methods and is designed to enable the student to develop research skills based on principles which reflect a respect for and an awareness of the existing belief systems in First Nations' communities. The application of these skills to community concerns of language and culture revitalization, politics, education, health, family and community is examined. Students may not retain credit for both INDG 3215 & 2215. (lec 2, sem 1) cr 6 

INDG 3226 E - Native Critical Theory
This course explores the subject area that is becoming known as Native Critical Theory. The course draws mostly from Western and Indigenous knowledge and is based primarily on readings. Emphasis is also placed on the monthly Native Studies teaching sessions and the discussion of ideas with the Elders. Native Critical Theory is then applied to a particular site of analysis. PREREQ: At least one INDG course or departmental permission (Sem 3) cr. 3

INDG 3256 E (10) - Indigenous Health and Wellness
This course examines the Indigenous holistic notion of health inclusive of the physical, mental, spiritual and emotional aspects of being. A comparative historical framework is incorporated in order to understand Indigenous health issues in the past and present. Models of Indigenous healing are explored with an emphasis on culture, spirituality and traditional medicine. (lec 3) cr 3.

INDG 3285 E - Living with the Land: Indigenous Knowledge in Theory and Practice
This 10-day, summer field course is an experiential application of Indigenous knowledge to the relationship between human beings and nature. The philosophical background is reviewed and strategies for approaching the relationship are examined within an Indigenous knowledge framework. The course encompasses teaching from Elders and experiential-based learning activities. exp. 3 cr. 6

INDG 3286 E - Indigenous Medicines
This course examines the importance of traditional medicines to the health of Indigenous peoples of Canada. Special attention is given to traditional medicines that are harvested locally by Indigenous peoples in Ontario. The cultural and spiritual significance of these medicines will also be discussed. Prerequisite: minimum 18 University credits (lec 1, exp 2) cr 3

INDG 3305 E - Aboriginal Languages: Expressions of peoplehood
This course explores the significance of First Nations languages in relation to the collective and individual identities of the people. The course considers the nature of the languages, various factors that have led to their erosion, and various revitalization strategies. Prereq: 12 credits in INDG, (lec 3) cr 6

INDG 3315 E - Economic Management and Aboriginal Self-Determination
This course examines past and present ways that Aboriginal people have gained their livelihoods from their ancestral lands. Specific themes that are explored include taxation, the financing of Aboriginal governments an the development of economic activities and management structures that are consistent with Aboriginal beliefs and social practices. The quest for Aboriginal self-sufficiency and the need for an ecologically-sound regime of sustainable economic development are inter-related subjects that inform the ideological approach of this course. (lec 2, sem 1) cr. 6.

INDG 3316 E (10) - Intermediate Nishnaabemwin C
This course expands on the principles covered in INDG 2516 by focussing on questions that employ interrogative adverbs. In this course, such questions will have third person objects. The structures will also enable students to include conditional and other kinds of dependent clauses in their sentences. This course may be taken concurrently with INDG 2517. Students cannot retain credit for both INDG 3316 & 3015. PREREQ: INDG 1017 & 2516. (lec 3, lab 1) cr 3 

INDG 3516 E (10) - Advanced Nishnaabemwin A
In this course, students will learn to apply questions that employ interrogative adverbs and conditional clauses to situations where the first person or the second person is the object. Students will also study narratives containing a broad sample of the structures they will have covered up to this level. Students cannot retain credit for both INDG 3516 & 3015. PREREQ: INDG 2516 & 2517. (lec 3, lab 1) cr 3 

INDG 3517 E - Advanced Nishnaabemwin B
This course introduces students to structures used to express doubt, conjecture, and to indicate past intentions. Students will have the opportunity to study traditional stories and other examples of fluent discourse that employ the full range of simple to advanced structures. Students cannot retain credit for both INDG 3517 & 3015. PREREQ: INDG 1017 & 2516. (lec 3, lab 1) cr 3 

INDG 4006 E - Nishnaabemwin Discourse Studies
This course explores a variety of discourse types including myths, traditional stories and historical accounts told in Nishnaabemwin and transcribed in various anthologies. PREREQ: INDG 3516 This may be taken concurrently with INDG 3517. (lec 3) cr 3

INDG 4055 E - Selected Themes
Designed to explore a variety of issues relating to Native people in North America. Individual and group studies are combined with lectures and seminars involving members of the departmental staff and visiting authorities experienced in specific areas. Students are required to develop extensively a specific theme from among those presented in class. PREREQ: at least one INDG course or dept.'s permission. (lec 1, sem 2) cr 6

INDG 4105 E - Algonquian Language Structures
The course is designed to lead the student through the basic methods of analyzing grammatical and performative features of language, with a primary focus on the Ojibwe, Cree and Algonquin languages. Natural discourse such as myths, legends, oratory, joking/teasing and conversation will be used to explore these features. Students will also examine how world views, cultural assumptions and values are manifested through particular features. The ability to analyze and understand these features of the Ojibwe, Cree and Algonquin languages will be related to ongoing efforts to revive and maintain these languages, and to the need to recover and preserve the traditional knowledge passed on through oral histories, myths, legends and other discourse. Prerequisite: INDG 3516 and INDG 3517 or INDG 3025, or permission of the department. (lec 2, sem 1) cr. 6.

INDG 4405 E (10) - Seeing with a Native Eye
Examines the traditional sources of Native worldview and spiritual understanding of such areas as origins, relationships, nature of existence, self-knowledge and traditional teachings. Universal themes, patterns of manifestation, growth and change, perception of reality and levels of meaning are examined and explored through various Native cultures of North America. The course not only derives meaning from the traditional knowledge as it is gained by studying the teachings of the past but attempts to search out these meanings as a basis for alternative direction for contemporary society and for the gaining of self-knowledge and insight. Students may not retain credit for both INDG 4405 & 3405. PREREQ: INDG 2285 or dept.'s permission. (lec 2, sem 1) cr 6 

INDG 4586 E (10) - Interpreting Aboriginal Histories
Designed to lead students into an exploration of aboriginal interpretations of history and aboriginal value systems which motivate these versions of history, including: pre-contact oral histories and traditions, Native-White relations from an aboriginal perspective, and traditional and contemporary oral-based versions of what constitutes history in a variety of First Nation perspectives. Emphasis is placed on interpretations of history as significant in their own right as value-laden interpretive systems of equal quality and insight as those accorded in the western interpretive tradition, offering alternative understandings of and reflections on history relevant to the humanities. Students learn skills and techniques relevant to the exploration of systems of aboriginal ethos and values with a focus on Algonquian peoples. A key component is the examination and analysis of aboriginal ethno histories and traditional teachings using a text linguistic approach. (lec 1, sem 2) cr 3

INDG 4587 E (10) - From the Fourth World: International Aboriginal Perspectives on Current Global Issues
Brings international Aboriginal perspectives to the analysis of contemporary global problems that affect the environment and humanity. Definitions of progress are critiqued and the implications of contemporary industrial and consumer culture for the future of human societies are studied within the framework of the primal insights, values and definitions of community shared by Aboriginal peoples around the globe. The potential relevance of Aboriginal bodies of knowledge and wisdom to the search for solutions to contemporary environmental problems and survival issues is examined and assessed. PREREQ: INDG 3205 or dept.'s permission. (lec 1, sem 2) cr 3

INDG 4655 E - Honours Thesis
This course provides qualified students with an opportunity to write an Honours thesis based on original research in an area related to their specialization or major(s) for which faculty supervision is available. Students undertake a literary and/or text-based research project comprised of a supervised essay of substantial depth designed to demonstrate a degree of expertise in the following areas pertaining to the discipline: sense of historical development; understanding forms of inquiry; depth and breadth of understanding in relation to issues and theories; and critical thinking and independence of thought. Theis course is strongly recommended for students considering graduate studies. Students are not permitted to obtain credit for more than one Honours thesis. PREREQ: A minimum overall GPA of 7 (75-79% or B+), completion of at least 84 university credits, and permission of the department. Students must normally submit their research proposal to the department chair by March 31 to register in the next academic year. (tut 3) cr 6.

INDG 4955 E - Independent Reading and Research
This specialized study for qualified students provides an opportunity to focus on areas not covered in existing courses. The project is supervised by designated faculty. PREREQ: dept.'s permission. (tut 3) cr 6